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UNICEF 2008 Statistics on China

Statistics on the People's Republic of China published by UNICEF in 2008.
January 1, 2008
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Basic Indicators  
Under-5 mortality rate 102
Under-5 mortality rate, 1990 46
Under-5 mortality rate, 2008 21
Infant mortality rate (under 1), 1990 37
Infant mortality rate (under 1), 2008 18
Neonatal mortality rate, 2004 18
Total population (thousands), 2008 1337411
Annual no. of births (thousands), 2008 18134
Annual no. of under-5 deaths (thousands), 2008 365
GNI per capita (US$), 2008 2770
Life expectancy at birth (years), 2008 73
Total adult literacy rate (%), 2003-2008 93
Primary school net enrollment/attendance (%), 2003-2008 100
% share of household income 2000-2007, lowest 40% 16
% share of household income 2000-2007, highest 20% 48

 

 

Nutrition                         
% of infants with low birthweight, 2003-2008 4          
% of children (2003-2008) who are: Early innitiation of breastfeeding (%) -                  
% of children (2003–2008) who are:  exclusively breastfed (<6 months) -
% of children (2003–2008) who are: breastfed with complementary food (6–9 months) 32
% of children (2003–2008) who are: still breastfeeding (20–23 months) 15
% of under-fives (2003–2008) suffering from: underweight (NCHS/WHO) moderate & severe 7
% of under-fives (2003–2008) suffering from: underweight (WHO) moderate & severe 6
% of under-fives (2003–2008) suffering from: underweight (WHO) severe -
% of under-fives (2003–2008) suffering from: wasting (WHO) moderate & severe -
% of under-fives (2003–2008) suffering from: stunting (WHO) moderate & severe 15
Vitamin A supplementation coverage rate (6–59 months) 2008, Full coverage ? (%) -
% of households consuming iodized salt, 2003–2008 95

 

 

Health                        
% of population using improved drinking-water sources, 2006 total 88         
% of population using improved drinking-water sources, 2006 urban 98
% of population using improved drinking-water sources, 2006 rural 81
% of population using improved sanitation facilities 2006 total 65
% of population using improved sanitation facilities 2006 urban 74
% of population using improved sanitation facilities 2006 rural 59
% of routine EPI vaccines financed by government 2008 total -
Immunization 2008, 1-year-old children immunized against: TB, corresponding vaccines: BCG 97
Immunization 2008, 1-year-old children immunized against: DPT, corresponding vaccines: DPT1ß 99
Immunization 2008, 1-year-old children immunized against: DPT, corresponding vaccines: DPT3ß 97
Immunization 2008, 1-year-old children immunized against: Polio, corresponding vaccines: polio3 99
Immunization 2008, 1-year-old children immunized against: Measles, corresponding vaccines: measles 94
Immunization 2008, 1-year-old children immunized against: HepB, corresponding vaccines: HepB3 95
Immunization 2008, 1-year-old children immunized against: Hib, corresponding vaccines: Hib3 -
Immunization 2008, % newborns protected against tetanus -
% under-fives with suspected pneumonia taken to an appropriate health-care provider, 2005–2008 -
% under-fives with diarrhoea receiving oral rehydration and continued feeding, 2005–2008 -
Malaria 2006–2008, % households owning at least one ITN -
Malaria 2006–2008, % under-fives sleeping under ITNs -
Malaria 2006–2008, % under-fives with fever receiving anti-malarial drugs -

 

 

HIV/AIDS            
Estimated adult HIV prevalence rate (aged 15-49), 2007 0.1                     
Estimated number of people (all ages) living with HIV, 2007 (thousands), estimate 700
Estimated number of people (all ages) living with HIV, 2007 (thousands), low estimate 450
Estimated number of people (all ages) living with HIV, 2007 (thousands), high estimate 1000
Mother–to–child transmission, Estimated number of women (aged 15+) living with HIV, 2007 (thousands) 200
Paediatric infections, Estimated number of children (aged 0–14) living with HIV, 2007 (thousands) -
Prevention among young people, HIV prevalence among young people (aged 15–24), 2007, male 0.1
Prevention among young people, HIV prevalence among young people (aged 15–24), 2007, female 0.1
Prevention among young people, % who have comprehensive knowledge of HIV, 2003–2008*, male -
Prevention among young people, % who have comprehensive knowledge of HIV, 2003–2008*, female -
Prevention among young people, % who used condom at last higher–risk sex, 2003–2008*, male -
Prevention among young people, % who used condom at last higher–risk sex, 2003–2008*, female -
Orphans, Children (aged 0–17) orphaned by AIDS, 2007, estimate (thousands) -
Orphans, Children (aged 0–17) orphaned due to all causes, 2007, estimate (thousands) 17000
Orphans, Orphan school attendance ratio, 2003–2008 -

 

 

Education  
Youth (15–24 years) literacy rate, 2003–2007, male 99           
Youth (15–24 years) literacy rate, 2003–2007, female 99
Number per 100 population, 2007, phones 41
Number per 100 population , 2007, Internet users 16
Primary school enrolment ratio 2003–2008, gross, male 112
Primary school enrolment ratio 2003–2008, gross, female 111
Primary school enrolment ratio 2003–2008, net, male 100
Primary school enrolment ratio 2003–2008, net, female 100
Primary school attendance ratio 2003–2008, net, male -
Primary school attendance ratio 2003–2008, net, female -
Survival rate to last primary grade (%) 2003–2008, admin. data -
Survival rate to last primary grade (%) 2003–2008, survey data -
Secondary school enrolment ratio 2003–2008, gross, male 75
Secondary school enrolment ratio 2003–2008, gross, female 76
Secondary school enrolment ratio 2003–2008, net, male -
Secondary school enrolment ratio 2003–2008, net, female -
Secondary school attendance ratio 2003–2008, net, male -
Secondary school attendance ratio 2003–2008, net, female -

 

 

Demographic indicators               
Population (thousands), 2008, under 18 34228           
Population (thousands), 2008, under 5 86881
Population annual growth rate (%), 1970–1990                                                                    1.7
Population annual growth rate (%), 1990–2000 1
Population annual growth rate (%), 2000–2008 0.7
Crude death rate, 1970 8
Crude death rate, 1990 7
Crude death rate, 2008 7
Crude birth rate, 1970 33
Crude birth rate, 1990 22
Crude birth rate, 2008 14
Life expectancy, 1970 62
Life expectancy, 1990 68
Life expectancy, 2008 73
Total fertility rate, 2008 1.8
% of population urbanized, 2008 43
Average annual growth rate of urban population (%), 1970–1990 4
Average annual growth rate of urban population (%), 1990–2000 3.7
Average annual growth rate of urban population (%), 2000–2008 3

 

 

Economic Indicators  
GNI per capita (US$), 2008 2770           
GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1970–1990 6.6
GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1990–2008 9
Average annual rate of inflation (%), 1990–2008 5
% of population below international poverty line of US$1.25 per day, 1992–2007 16
% of central government expenditure (1998–2007) allocated to:, health 0
% of central government expenditure (1998–2007) allocated to:, education 1
% of central government expenditure (1998–2007) allocated to:, defense 11
ODA inflow in millions US$, 2007 1439
ODA inflow as a % of recipient GNI, 2007 0
Debt service as a % of exports of goods and services, 1990 10
Debt service as a % of exports of goods and services, 2007 2

 

 

Women                      
Life expectancy: females as a % of males, 2008 105
Adult literacy rate: females as a % of males, 2003–2007 93
Enrolment and attendance ratios: females as a % of males, Net primary school 2003–2008, enrolled 100
Enrolment and attendance ratios: females as a % of males, Net primary school 2003–2008, attending -
Enrolment and attendance ratios: females as a % of males, Net secondary school 2003–2008, enrolled -
Enrolment and attendance ratios: females as a % of males, Net secondary school 2003–2008, attending -
Contraceptive prevalence (%), 2003–2008 85
Antenatal care coverage (%), At least once, 2003–2008 91
Antenatal care coverage (%), At least four times, 2003–2008 -
Delivery care coverage (%), Skilled attendant at birth, 2003–2008 98
Delivery care coverage (%), Institutional delivery, 2003–2008 92
Maternal mortality ratio† , 2003–2008, reported 37
Maternal mortality ratio† , 2005, Adjusted 45
Maternal mortality ratio† , 2005, Lifetime risk of maternal death. 1 in: 1300

 

 

Child Protection                   
Child labour (5–14 years) 1999–2008, total -
Child labour (5–14 years) 1999–2008, male -
Child labour (5–14 years) 1999–2008, female -
Child marriage 2000–2008, total -
Child marriage 2000–2008, urban -
Child marriage 2000–2008, rural -
Birth registration 2000–2008, total -
Birth registration 2000–2008, urban -
Birth registration 2000–2008, rural -
Female genital mutilation/cutting 1997–2007, women a (15–49 years) , total -
Female genital mutilation/cutting 1997–2007, daughters, total -
Attitude towards domestic violence, 2001–2008, total -
Child disability 1999–2008 total 2
Child discipline, 2005–2007, total -

 

 

The Rate of Progress  
Under-5 mortality rank 102      
Under-5 mortality rate, 1970 117
Under-5 mortality rate, 1990 46
Under-5 mortality rate, 2000 36
Under-5 mortality rate, 2008 21
Average annual rate of reduction (%)T, 1970–1990 4.7
Average annual rate of reduction (%)T, 1990–2008 4.4
Reduction since 1990 (%)T 54
GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1970–1990 6.6
GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1990–2008 9
Total fertility rate, 1970 5.5
Total fertility rate, 1990 2.3
Total fertility rate, 2008 1.8
Average annual rate of reduction (%), 1970–1990 4.3
Average annual rate of reduction (%), 1990–2008 1.6

 

Definitions of the indicators

Under-five mortality rate - Probability of dying between birth and exactly five years of age expressed per 1,000 live births.

Reduction since 1990(%) - Percentage reduction in the under-five mortality rate (U5MR) from 1990 to 2002. The United Nations Millennium Declaration in 2000 established a goal of a two-thirds (67%) reduction in U5MR from 1990 to 2015. Hence this indicator provides a current assessment of progress towards this goal.

GDP per capita - Gross domestic product (GDP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output. GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by mid-year population. Growth is calculated from constant price GDP data in local currency.

Total fertility rate - The number of children that would be born per women if she were to live t the end of her child-bearing years and bear children at each age in accordance with prevailing age-specific fertility rates.

Main data sources

Under-five and infant mortality rates - UNICEF, United Nations Population Division and United Nations Statistics Division.

GDP per capita - World Bank.

Fertility - United Nations Population Division.

Original source: www.unicef.org/infobycountry/china_statistics.html

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