A food safety factory shutdown has Americans hunting for baby formula. Readying themselves for a covid-19 lockdown, Chinese in Beijing emptied store shelves. Emerging from lockdown, some in Shanghai are visiting well-provisioned markets. U.S.-China agricultural trade is booming, but many are still being left hungry. Food security, sustainability and safety remain issues.
Statements on the Obama-Hu Bilateral Meeting, April 1, 2009
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THE WHITE HOUSE
Office of the Press Secretary
On 1 April 2009, President Barack Obama of the United States and President Hu Jintao of China met on the sidelines of the G20 Financial Summit in London, the United Kingdom. The two heads of state had an extensive exchange of views on U.S.-China relations and global issues of common interest, and reached the following points of agreement:
I. Toward Enhanced U.S.-China Relations
The two sides agreed to work together to build a positive, cooperative, and comprehensive U.S.-China relationship for the 21st century and to maintain and strengthen exchanges at all levels. President Hu Jintao invited President Obama to visit China in the second half of this year, and President Obama accepted the invitation with pleasure.
The two sides decided to establish the "U.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue." U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Chinese State Councilor Dai Bingguo will chair the "Strategic Track" and U.S. Secretary of the Treasury Timothy Geithner and Chinese Vice Premier Wang Qishan will chair the "Economic Track" of the Dialogue, each as special representatives of their respective presidents. The two sides will hold the first round of the dialogue in Washington DC this summer. The two sides stated that they will continue to advance mutually beneficial cooperation in economics and trade through the mechanism of the high-level Joint Commission on Commerce and Trade.
The two sides agreed to further deepen mutually beneficial cooperation in a wide range of areas, including economy and trade, counterterrorism, law enforcement, science and technology, education, culture and health. They also agreed to resume and expand consultations on non-proliferation and other international security topics. They welcomed further exchanges between the national legislatures, local authorities, academics, young people and other sectors. The two sides agreed to resume the human rights dialogue as soon as possible.
Both sides share a commitment to military-to-military relations and will work for their continued improvement and development. The two sides agreed that Admiral Gary Roughead, U.S Chief of Naval Operations, will visit China upon invitation in April to attend events marking the 60th anniversary of the founding of the Navy of the Chinese People's Liberation Army. The U.S. looks forward to visits by senior Chinese military leaders this year.
The two sides agreed to maintain close communication and coordination and to work together for the settlement of conflicts and reduction of tensions that contribute to global and regional instability, including the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, the Iranian nuclear issue, Sudan humanitarian issues, and the situation in South Asia.
The two sides agreed to intensify policy dialogue and practical cooperation in energy, the environment and climate change building on the China-US Ten Year Energy and Environment Cooperation Framework, carry out active cooperation in energy efficiency, renewable energy, and clean energy technologies and work with other parties concerned for positive results at the Copenhagen conference.
II. Strengthening Economic and Financial Cooperation
The two presidents discussed challenges facing the global economy and financial system. They pledged that, as two major economies, the U.S. and China will work together, as well as with other countries, to help the world economy return to strong growth and to strengthen the international financial system so a crisis of this magnitude never happens again.
The two presidents welcomed the fiscal stimulus measures taken by the other, and agreed that these measures were already playing a stabilizing role for the global economy. They also agreed that strong financial systems were essential for restoring growth, and they welcomed the commitment of both countries to address issues in this area. President Obama underlined the commitment of the United States to implement the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act and the Financial Stability Plan. He underscored that once recovery is firmly established, the United States will act to cut the U.S. fiscal deficit in half and bring the deficit down to a level that is sustainable. President Hu emphasized China’s commitment to strengthen and improve macroeconomic control and expand domestic demand, particularly consumer demand, to ensure sustainable growth, and ensure steady and relatively fast economic development.
The two presidents agreed the international financial institutions should have more resources to help emerging market and developing nations withstand the shortfall in capital, and the two countries will take actions toward this goal. China and the United States agreed to work together to resolutely support global trade and investment flows that benefit all. To that end, they are committed to resist protectionism and ensure sound and stable U.S.-China trade relations.
President Hu and President Obama discussed regulatory and supervisory changes needed to reform and strengthen the global financial system, including regulatory standards. President Hu welcomed the recent U.S. announcement of a comprehensive financial regulatory reform agenda. President Obama welcomed the commitment of China to continue the development and reform of its financial system.
The Presidents agreed on the need for sweeping changes in the governance structure of international financial institutions. President Obama underscored that such changes were needed so that these organizations better reflect the growing weight of dynamic emerging market economies in the global system
President Hu and President Obama concluded that continued close cooperation between the United States and China was critical at this time to maintain the health of the world economy and would remain so in the future. They both recognized that as major economies, the United States and China have a need to work together, as well as with other countries, to promote the smooth functioning of the international financial system and the steady growth of the world economy. To this end, the two sides will exchange views and intensify coordination and cooperation on global economic and financial issues, climate change and energy, and other important issues through the Strategic and Economic Dialogue that the two countries have decided to establish.
GOV.cn Thursday, April 2, 2009
The international financial crisis is still spreading and deepening, taking a heavy toll on the economy and people's lives in countries around the world, Hu said. Working together to tackle the crisis has become the top priority of the international community, he said.
China welcomed the economic stimulus plans adopted by the U.S. side, and hoped they would take effect as soon as possible to restore financial market stability and economic growth, Hu said.
Since the onset of the crisis, China and the United States have maintained effective coordination and cooperation, Hu said, adding that China will continue to enhance coordination in macroeconomic policies with the U.S. side, expand cooperation in trade and investment, push forward the reform of the international financial system, reinforce financial regulation, maintain international financial stability and restore world economic growth.
For his part, Obama said both the United States and China have benefited from their strong economic relationship, and the two countries should continue promoting trade and economic cooperation on this basis.
After the outbreak of the financial crisis, China has launched massive economic stimulus plans, and similar measures were also taken by the United States, Obama said, adding that he hoped all members of the G20 group could take stimulus measures to revive world economic growth.
Meanwhile, efforts should be made to replenish the resources of international financial institutions, strengthen financial regulation and reform international financial institutions, he said.
Both countries should also discuss measures to stimulate world economic growth and development from a long-term perspective, he said.
Hu and Obama stressed that China and the United States, as two of the world's major economies, will work together with other countries to help revive a strong world economic growth, stabilize the international financial system so as to avoid the reoccurrence of similar grave crisis.
They shared the views that the stimulus measures taken by both countries have contributed to enhancing global economic stability, and agreed that a powerful financial system is crucial for reviving the world economic growth.
The two leaders also agreed to replenish the resources of international institutions to help meet the capital shortage of emerging market and developing countries and pledged to work together for this end.
The two leaders expressed their firm support for global trade and investment flow that is beneficial to all, and promised to oppose protectionism and ensure their sound and stable bilateral trade ties.
Moreover, both leaders agreed to further deepen mutually beneficial cooperation in a wide range of fields, strengthen policy dialogue and pragmatic cooperation in energy, environment and climate change, and resume and expand consultation in non-proliferation as well as other security issues.
The two leaders agreed to resume dialogue on the human rights issue at an early date, and expressed the commitment to improving and developing relations between the armed forces of the two countries.
Hu and Obama met on the sidelines of the Group of 20 (G20) summit slated for Thursday, where leaders and central bank governors from the world's 20 biggest economies will gather to discuss cooperative measures to tackle the international financial crisis, among other issues.
Editor: Pliny Han
Barack Obama and Hu Jintao, Remarks at the Start of State Visit, January 2011 | Barack Obama and Hu Jintao, Press Conference, January 2011 | Remarks by President Obama and Premier Wen Jiabao of China before Bilateral Meeting September 2010 | President Obama meets with the Dalai Lama, February 2010 | Hu Jintao and Barack Obama, Remarks on Their Meetings and Joint Statement, November 2009 | US President Barack Obama at Shanghai Town Hall Meeting with Students, November 2009 | US President Barack Obama in Tokyo on American engagement in Asia, November 2009 | President Obama, "U.S./China Strategic and Economic Dialogue," July 2009 | Statements by President Obama on new ambassador to China, May 16, 2009 | Statements on the Obama-Hu Bilateral Meeting, April 2009 | Barack Obama, "Letter to the National Council of Textile Organizations," October 2008 |
Barack Obama and Hu Jintao, Remarks at the Start of State Visit, January 2011 | Barack Obama and Hu Jintao Press Conference, January 2011 | Hu Jintao and Barack Obama, Remarks on Their Meetings and Joint Statement, November 2009 | Statements on the Obama-Hu Bilateral Meeting, April 2009 | Steven Spielberg to Hu Jintao on Darfur, November 2007 | Steven Spielberg to Hu Jintao on Darfur, April 2007 | President Hu Jintao Meets U.S. President's Special Envoy James Baker, 2003 | Vice President Hu Jintao: Enhanced Mutual Understanding and Trust Towards a Constructive and Cooperative Relationship Between China and the United States, 2002 |