For decades, European countries assumed that China is a benign force in international relations.
Resolution on the Restoration of the Lawful Rights of the People's Republic of China in the United Nations, 1971
Resolution on Restoring the Rights of the PRC, 25 October, 1971
The General Assembly,
Recalling the Principles of the Charter of the United Nations,
Considering that the restoration of the lawful rights of the People's Republic of China is essential both for the protection of the Charter of the United Nations and for the cause that the United Nations must serve under the Charter,
Recognizing that the representatives of the Government of the People's Republic of China are the only lawful representatives of China to the United Nations and that the People's Republic of China is one of the five permanent members of the Security Council,
Decides to restore all its rights to the People's Republic of China and to recognize the representatives of its government as the only legitimate representatives of China to the United Nations, and to expel forthwith the representatives of Chiang Kai-shek from the place which they unlawfully occupy at the United Nations and in all the organizations related to it.
Source: 25 Yearbook of the United Nations, 1971, p. 136.
For more information about the vote on the resolution, please visit: http://www.ibiblio.org/chinesehistory/contents/03pol/c02sc02.html#2
Tensions evident in the recent European Union-China virtual summit reflect the increasing skepticism in Europe toward China and the worries over Ukraine and economic ties as well as human rights and environmental issues.