“Nannü pingdeng” (gender equality) was one of the key principles of the Chinese Communist Party’s platform before and during the Mao era. Widely celebrated in political campaigns and social policies alike, it has acquired a status in the historiography of modern and contemporary China as one of the pillars of the revolutionary programme of social transformation undertaken by the CCP. Scholarly research has long demonstrated that the promise of gender equality was only ever partially realized after 1949, yet the assumption has been that even if limited in its social implementation, the term “gender equality” signified an emancipatory aspiration shared by all. Based on long-term archival and ethnographic research in a deprived neighbourhood in central Beijing, now facing its last stages of demolition and gentrification, this talk argues that far from being shared by all, “gender equality” barely featured amongst the capital’s subalterns as a significant term in memories of everyday life during and since the Mao era. At the same time, in contrast with their mothers and grandmothers, women who grew up under Mao’s banner had access to opportunities for education and employment, limited though they were, and claimed recognition for their determination to keep their families going through long decades of scarcity and hardship. Drawing on Butler’s and Mahmoud’s arguments, this paper analyses the apparent paradox of women’s independence in income generating activities and their attachment to deeply embedded and apparently conservative ideas about women’s gender roles and relationships. Why is it that the key slogan and policy of nannü pingdeng seems to have completely passed them by? What do we understand by change and by agency?
1:00-1:30 Kirie Stromberg 益田雾繪 (UCLA 加州大學洛杉磯分校): Beyond Form:
Preliminary Thoughts on Music and Visual Abstraction in Early China 早期中國的音樂與視覺抽象化表达
1:40-2:20 Gao Jiangtao 高江涛 (CASS 中國社會科學院考古研究所):Comprehensive Analysis of Musical relics Unearthed from Taosi Site 鼍鼓逢逢：陶寺遗址出土乐器综析
2:30-3:00 Zhang Wenjie 張聞捷 (Xiamen University 厦门大學) New Thinking on the Chime Bells of Wangsun Gao 對王孫誥編鐘的一些新思考
3:10-3:40 Li Guangming 李光明 (UCLA 加州大學洛杉磯分校) The Tonal Structure of the Yajiang Chimes: On the Missing Shang Note in Western Zhou Music and Guanzi Tonal Theory 从亚弜编铙音列结构看周乐戒商及管子生律法之由来
3:50-4:20 Zhu Guowei 朱國偉 (China University of Mining and Technology 中國礦業大學）A review on experimental music archaeology and its prospect in China 實驗音樂考古研究綜述及其在中國的研究展望
4:30-5:00 Lee Mei-Yen 李美燕 (National Pingtung University 國立屏東大學) Western
Cultural Origin of Musical Instruments Found on the Musical Icons in Yungang Grottoes 雲岡石窟音樂圖像中的西方源流
From 1253, when Mongol armies invaded the independent Dali Kingdom in the southeastern foothills of the Himalayas, its capital, Dali, was transformed into a remote periphery of Yuan and then Ming empires. By the sixteenth century, Dali's gentry families, both indigenous and migrant, were increasingly educating their sons in the classical tradition, to enroll in the civil service examinations and take positions as Ming officials. How did their experiences transform the ways that Dali's literati wrote about their hometown, about its people, and about themselves?
Please join the USC U.S.-China Institute and the China-United States Exchange Foundation for a discussion with Chinese and American diplomats about the state of U.S.-China relations.
Arts of Asia and the Islamic World, 2nd Floor
We house one of America’s foremost collections of Asian art, with the Asian galleries currently including more than 350 works from China, Korea, and Japan. These sections are newly re-imagined, the result of a multiyear reinstallation, with additional galleries planned for the arts of South and Southeast Asia and the Himalayas.
The emperor was at the center of Chinese political theory throughout the imperial period. Sometimes this theoretical position found expression in an announcement to the realm. The First Emperor, for example, made his power known in 221 BCE by means of a widely-distributed inscription in his own voice. My examination of excavated documents the Han central government promulgated in its northwestern border region, however, suggests that the emperors’ theoretical potency was not matched by conspicuous utterance, at least not in those contexts. What emerges instead is taciturnity, constraint, silence. In this presentation, I consider example documents and discuss what the imperial voice in these texts tells us about the nature of rule and rulership in the Han dynasty.
In 2015, as part of a program to reform China’s state-owned enterprises (SOEs), Guiding Opinions were issued requiring SOEs to amend their corporate charters to formalize and elevate the leadership role of the Chinese Communist Party in their corporate governance. We examine the patterns of “party-building” (dangjian) adoptions in the four-year period from 2015-18. Consistent with prior theoretical predictions, not all SOEs abided by the Guiding Opinions, suggesting the limits of political conformity among Chinese firms. Also consistent with prior theoretical predictions, although privately owned enterprises (POEs) were not subject to the Guiding Opinions, a significant number of POEs, particularly large firms, also amended their charters.
The model provisions on the party’s role in corporate governance circulated pursuant to the Guiding Opinions can be divided into three groups: symbolic, decision-oriented and personnel-oriented. We find wide variation in the pattern of adoptions. SOEs have not uniformly adopted the entire panoply of recommended provisions, further indicating the limits of political conformity in the state sector. SOEs that cross-list on Hong Kong Stock Exchange, in particular, adopt less politically intrusive provisions than others. POEs are far more likely to adopt symbolic provisions than decision-oriented and personnel-oriented provisions, suggesting that the amendments are undertaken to signal fealty to the party without changing substantive corporate governance practices. We conclude by exploring a number of far-reaching implications for Chinese corporate governance raised by the party-building campaign and the wide variety of responses to it by Chinese firms of all ownership types.
Written by: Yu-Hsin Lin, School of Law, City University of Hong Kong and Curtis J. Milhaupt, Stanford Law School
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A panel of experts will discuss the ongoing human rights crisis in Xinjiang and the challenges faced by the Uyghur people through the lenses of history, international relations, and social justice advocacy.