A food safety factory shutdown has Americans hunting for baby formula. Readying themselves for a covid-19 lockdown, Chinese in Beijing emptied store shelves. Emerging from lockdown, some in Shanghai are visiting well-provisioned markets. U.S.-China agricultural trade is booming, but many are still being left hungry. Food security, sustainability and safety remain issues.
Modern China Lecture Series: Ryodoraku in New China: Sino-Japanese Medical Exchange in the 1950s and the Role of Machines in East Asian Medical Modernity
The Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies will host Ruth Rogaski to discuss Ryodoraku in China.
April 18, 2017 4:00pm to 6:00pm
In December of 1957, a medical delegation from the People’s Republic of China visited Japan as part of a decade-long series of semi-official cultural exchanges between the two former enemies. The delegation brought back a “Nakatani Ry?d?raku electrodermometer”—a scientific apparatus which, according to its inventor, Nakatani Yoshio, could be used to demonstrate an electromagnetic phenomenon on the surface of the human body that was remarkably similar to the meridians of Chinese medicine. My paper uses this episode of medical mobility to explore the role of machines in attempts to establish the ontological basis for Chinese medicine in twentieth century East Asia.
Probing the “electrical genealogy” of the Nakatani machine in Japan since the Meiji period illuminates how Japanese physicians pursued the scientific underpinnings of traditional medical concepts by creatively employing trends in European and Russian physiological research. While most Sino-Japanese exchanges around the modernization of traditional medicine were interrupted by the war (although some practitioners sought medical unity through empire in the 1930s and 40s), medical exchanges were renewed surprisingly quickly in the 1950s. Chinese translations of Japanese texts about the biological basis of acupuncture entered into ongoing PRC debates about the nature of meridians– debates that had emerged in China in the 1930s and continued in the politically complex era of medical reform in the 1950s. The arrival of the Nakatani machine highlighted the schisms among Chinese physicians regarding the role of science and classical theories in modernizing Chinese medicine. In conclusion, the paper examines the continuing use of the Ry?d?raku machine (and similar devices) in acupuncture practice today, and considers the century-long desire to visualize the invisible in Chinese medicine.