Joshua Goldstein talked about his new book looking at the history of the recycling industry in China.
Citizenship and Skill in Twentieth-Century China
Professor Jacob Eyferth discusses the historical labor trends in China before the middle and twentieth century.
Speaker/Performer: Jacob Eyferth, Associate Professor of East Asian Languages and Civilizations, University of Chicago
Before the middle of the twentieth century, most of China’s industrial output originated in the countryside, in small-town workshops and rural farms. Production was typically manual; production-related knowledge was passed on tacitly or orally from parents to children or from masters to apprentices. Regional specialization created economic interdependence; it also gave communities of skilled producers visibility in the wider cultural universe and a stake in the sociopolitical realm. As in the English cases described by the historical sociologist Margaret Somers, protoindustrial producers in the Chinese countryside understood their skills as a form of social membership: a precondition for the inclusion in a particular community of skilled producers and, through this community, in the wider polity. While China had no native language of citizenship rights, it had a long tradition of self-regulating guilds, villages, and kinship groups; of substantive rights to training, regulated employment, and guaranteed livelihood for members of such groups; and of informal representation of local interests through these groups. My talk will provide examples of several of such “communities of skill” and sketch out their history in the twentieth century, when local control over economically useful skills came under increasing attack.
Jennifer Pan examines how China's major social assistance program, Dibao, has been used to quell dissent.
Scott Rozelle discusses his new book that looks at the stark contrast between China's rural and urban populations.