Apple rolled out new products and services this week, so we look at how important China has been to Apple.
Ho, "Chinese (Taiwan, Mainland China) college students' perceived childrearing attitudes and their relationship to irrational belief," 1991
Chang-Chu Pearl Ho, Ph.D.
Two instruments were adopted (Ho, 1991; Young, 1983) to measure college students' perceived parental childrearing attitudes (PCA) and the irrational beliefs (rB/iB). The purpose of this study was to answer the following questions: (1) Is there a relationship between the PCA and rB/iB? (2) What is the relationship of parental factors (education, major care-giver, marital satisfaction) to PCA and rB/iB? (3) What is the relationship of individual factors (gender, major, grades) to PCA and rB/iB? (4) Is there any difference between Taiwan and Mainland China subjects' PCA and rB/iB? (5) What is the integrated influence of parental factors, individual factors, living area difference to PCA and rB/iB?
The Cronbach alpha for each of six sub-scales (disciplinary, protective, indulgent, rejective, expectant, inconsistent) was computed. Factor analysis yielded six factors. The formal test was conducted in Taiwan (N = 942) and Mainland China (N = 637).
The results of simple correlation, one-way ANOVA and Multiple Regression Analysis indicated that, except for GPA, all the hypotheses were rejected. This means that (1) a relationship exists between the PCA and the rB/iB, and a variance of 8.57% of rB/iB is accounted for by the PCA; (2) there is a 2.29% to 5.67% variance of PCA accounted for by parental factors and a 2.87% variance of rB/iB accounted for by parental factors; (3) there is a 4.52% to 7.42% variance of PCA accounted for by individual factors and 4.82% variance of rB/iB accounted for by individual factors; (4) Taiwan subjects are perceived as less protective and inconsistent and more disciplinary, indulgent and expectant in childrearing attitude than Mainland China subjects; also, the Taiwan subjects exhibit significantly less (p $<$.001) irrational belief (M = 252.63) than do Mainland China subjects (M = 285.37); (5) the variance of integrated influence of parental factors, individual factors and living area difference to PCA and rB/iB are 4.69% to 13.05% and 13.19%, respectively.
Recommendations include: the location of other variables which will help to establish the sufficient model of parent-child-society interaction, the need for a uni-dimensional scale of PCA and an in-depth exploration of within-cultural variables. (Copies available exclusively from Micrographics Department, Doheny Library, USC, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0182.)
Advisor: Fox, Frank H.
David Zweig, professor emeritus at Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, looks at how tensions between the United States and China have impacted scientific collaboration and research.
Join the USC U.S.-China Institute for a conversation with U.S. Assistant Attorney General John Demers.
Please join the USC U.S.-China Institute for a book talk with author David Lampton. His new book examines China’s effort to create an intercountry railway system connecting China and its seven Southeast Asian neighbors.