A food safety factory shutdown has Americans hunting for baby formula. Readying themselves for a covid-19 lockdown, Chinese in Beijing emptied store shelves. Emerging from lockdown, some in Shanghai are visiting well-provisioned markets. U.S.-China agricultural trade is booming, but many are still being left hungry. Food security, sustainability and safety remain issues.
Talking Points, Lunar New Year Special Issue, Feb. 5 - 21, 2016
February 5 - 21, 2015
Happy Year of the Monkey 祝猴年快乐！
We hope you're looking forward to a great year ahead and we wish you good health and happiness. We can't give everyone a red envelope 红包, so we offer our annual lunar new year stamp issue of Talking Points. Please take a moment to examine some of the year of the monkey stamps issued by 45 countries and territories. Let us know via Twitter (@usc_uschina) or on Facebook which stamps are your favorites.
Twelve years ago, the U.S. Postal Service welcomed the Year of the Monkey by printing 80 million special lunar new year stamps. Use of the mail and passion for collecting the stamps has faded a bit. This year, the USPO printed just 15 million of its Year of the Monkey stamps. Back in 2004, the USPO handled 206 billion pieces of mail. By 2014, however, volume dropped by a third to 155 billion items. It's still the world's busiest postal system, processing 40% of all the world's mail. China's system is growing, primarily through express mail services, and handled 41 billion pieces in 2015.
It was China's system, though, that issued what has become the most highly sought after lunar new year stamp. In 1980 it issued the People's Republic's first such stamp, the so-called "red monkey" stamp. About 5 million red monkeys were printed, but pristine copies are still quite valuable. An 80 stamp sheet of the "red monkey" was auctioned off in Hong Kong last year for US$163,654.
Huang Yongyu 黄永玉(b. 1924) designed that stamp as well as this year’s set. It has been reported that he was asked to have one stamp feature a mother and baby. His design, however, features two baby monkeys kissing mother. Huang says he was merely keeping up with the new family planning policy, which on Jan. 1 began permitting most couples to have two children rather than one.
Huang has had a remarkable career. Today his paintings are routinely auctioned for tens of thousands and even hundreds of thousands of dollars. He was a struggling artist, though, in 1947 when his distant relative Shen Congwen chose to have Huang create woodblock prints to illustrate his Border Town story collection.
Huang was among the prominent artists who were targeted during the Cultural Revolution. He spent the first years of the period back in rural Hunan. One of the things held against him was a book, A Can of Worms 永玉三記, which Australian scholar Geremie Barmé calls Huang’s “animal crackers.” Huang produced the work in the early 1960s and their sometimes sarcastic tone upset some. Those images were lost, but Huang recreated them for a 1983 collection. Number 15 of that work was “The Monkey.” “No matter how hard I try to be serious, people always think I’m monkeying around.” 不管我有时多麼严肃，人还是叫我猴子。
But that wasn't the end of Huang's troubles. A 1973 painting by Huang featuring a winking owl was
|Huang's monkey from A Can of Worms (See Morning Sun)||Huang Yongyu painting yet another winking owl.|
among those including in the now famous 1974 “Black Painting Exhibition” in Beijing. The works in this exhibition were described as subversive. Eugene Wang translates the exhibition caption for Huang’s painting as, “The owl, with its one eye open and the other closed, is a self-portrait of the likes of Huang. It reveals their attitude: an animosity toward the Proletarian Cultural Revolution and the Socialist system.” Mao later mocked this analysis, saying that owls typically have one eye open and the other shut. When Mao and the Cultural Revolution passed, Huang returned to teaching and to painting. He was given important commissions, including designing a tapestry for the Mao Memorial Hall and, the 1980 lunar new year stamp. Not many artists are still getting national assignments in their 90s.
The 2004 U.S. stamp was created by Clarence Lee and his papercut design of a monkey is included on this year’s stamp. The peony painting that forms the bulk of the painting is by Kam Mak.
Last year, the Japanese postal service had fun with a postcard that played on the design from the previous year of the sheep. That continues this year.
Several National Basketball Association teams are sporting Chinese jerseys this month. This hasn't always worked out well here in the U.S. (e.g., Sacramento), but the NBA continues to be hugely popular in China. This season the league produced a short video featuring three of its biggest stars．MVP Steph Curry offers a toast, concluding with ganbei (干杯 "bottoms up").
The National Football League's Super Bowl, America's biggest television event, is this Sunday. As it happens, China's biggest television event comes that night. Perhaps 700 million people will tune in. Among the presenters at this year's Spring Festival Gala 春晚 is Dong Qing 董卿. One of China's most recognized figures, this is Dong Qing's twelfth year as a presenter. She's also a USC visiting scholar and served as co-host of the 2015 USC Global Conference in Shanghai.
USC President C.L. Max Nikias and Conference Gala hosts Dong Qing and Bai Xuxu. Shanghai, October 31, 2015.
Dong Qing hosting the 2013 Spring Festival Gala and wearing her USC U.S.-China Institute glasses.
Now, on to our Year of the Monkey collection. Scroll to the end for links to our earlier new year collections. Please remember, we'd love to hear from you about which stamps are your favorites.
United States, 2004
Hong Kong, 2016
Taiwan (Republic of China), 2016
And now for the rest of the world. Every continent is represented.
Australia, Christmas Island, 2016
Cook Islands, 2016
Guernsey , 2016
Isle of Man, 2016
Korea, South, 2016
Korea, South, 1980
Marshall Islands, 2016
In 1972, Mongolia issued a lunar new year series which celebrated Soviet and American space missions as well as the twelve animals of the lunar zodiac. In the series, a monkey was paired with Explorer 6, a U.S. satellite launched in 1959. The satellite ceased functioning after a couple months and it was then used as a target in a U.S. anti-satellite missile test (it wasn't hit).
New Zealand, 2016
Sierra Leone, 2004
Solomon Islands. 2016
South Africa, 2004
United Kingdom, 2016
It is striking that while several member states and hundreds of millions of non-Chinese mark the lunar new year, the UN postal authority chooses to refer to the occasion as Chinese new year.
Previous USC U.S.-China Institute lunar new year collections:
2015 - Year of the Ram, Sheep or Goat
2014 - Year of the Horse
2013 - Year of the Snake
2012 - Year of the Dragon
2011 - Year of the Rabbit
2010 - Year of the Tiger
2009 - Year of the Ox
In the meantime, please listen to the latest issue of the Bullet Train podcast which examines the "hot mom" (辣妈) phenomenon in China. And check out the range of interviews at US-China Today, from China's policies toward North Korea and trends in Chinese rock and roll, USCT explores what's up in contemporary China and in U.S.-China relations.
Our calendar below covers events and exhibitions across North America. Please share Talking Points with friends. And please subscribe / like / follow us at our social media pages. The links are below. We are always delighted to hear from you at email@example.com
Happy New Year!
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February 4, 2016 - 4:00pm
February 18, 2016 - 4:00pm
The USC U.S.-China Institute presents a book talk by Deborah Brautigam, one of the world's leading experts on China and Africa. "Will Africa Feed China?" explores China's evolving global quest for food security and Africa's possibilities for structural transformation.
SAVE THESE DATES:
China's Growing Pains -- April 22, 2016 -- major day-long conference looking at political, economic, and social trends
February 5, 2016 - 4:00pm
February 5, 2016 - 6:00pm
February 8, 2016 - 4:00pm
February 9, 2016 - 5:00pm
February 10, 2016 - 12:00pm
February 10, 2016 - 4:00pm
February 10, 2016 - 4:00pm
February 11, 2016 - 4:00pm
February 17, 2016 - 1:30pm
February 18, 2016 - 4:00pm
February 18, 2016 - 4:00pm
February 19, 2016 - 9:00am
February 20, 2016 - 7:30pm
February 21, 2016 - 7:30pm
February 5, 2016 - 1:30pm
February 6, 2016 - 10:00am
February 9, 2016 - 6:00pm
February 12, 2016 - 4:00pm
February 16, 2016 - 4:30pm
February 17, 2016 - 12:15pm
February 12 - July 31, 2016
February 12-26, 2016
February 26 - June 26, 2016
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Tensions evident in the recent European Union-China virtual summit reflect the increasing skepticism in Europe toward China and the worries over Ukraine and economic ties as well as human rights and environmental issues.