A food safety factory shutdown has Americans hunting for baby formula. Readying themselves for a covid-19 lockdown, Chinese in Beijing emptied store shelves. Emerging from lockdown, some in Shanghai are visiting well-provisioned markets. U.S.-China agricultural trade is booming, but many are still being left hungry. Food security, sustainability and safety remain issues.
Lee, "Goal orientation, goal setting, and academic performance in college students: An integrated model of achievement motivation in school settings," 1997
Linda Hsiaoling Lee, Ph.D.
A correlational study examining the relationships among motivational beliefs, goal setting, effort, persistence, and academic performance was conducted using two hundred and sixty-two (262) students drawn from six intact classes in two selected colleges in Taiwan. Two self-report questionnaires measuring students' task value, goal orientation, self-efficacy, control belief, goal level, and expended time and effort were administered in one semester; and course grades were collected. A structural model was hypothesized and tested using the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) technique. Results showed that extrinsic goal orientation had a direct, positive effect on goal level; and goal level in turn had a direct, positive effect on academic performance. In consequence, extrinsic goal orientation had an indirect, positive effect on academic performance through goal level. This study also found that self-efficacy had a direct, positive effect on goal commitment in terms of time and effort expended; and goal commitment in turn had a direct, positive effect on academic performance. Consequently, self-efficacy had an indirect, positive effect on academic performance through goal commitment. The positive relationship between goal level and goal commitment, as suggested by Locke and Latham's (1990) goal setting theory, was also found in this study; however, it did not reach the level of statistical significance. A cross-cultural comparison with the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) study on American college students (Pintrich, Smith, Garcia, & McKeachie, 1991) was also conducted.
Advisor: Not listed
Tensions evident in the recent European Union-China virtual summit reflect the increasing skepticism in Europe toward China and the worries over Ukraine and economic ties as well as human rights and environmental issues.