Carl Minzner argues that China's reform era is ending, and outlines the potential outcomes that could result.
Happy Year of the Dog! Our Lunar New Year Stamps Collection
We wish you the best possible Year of the Dog! As is our custom, we’ve collected the lunar new year stamps issued by countries and regions. This year’s collection includes 48 issuers and 146 stamps. And because a dog, Laika, was part of the 20th century race to the moon, we’ve also brought you stamps issued to commemorate her 1957 journey on Sputnik 2.
With the rise of electronic communication, however, fewer stamps, including lunar new year stamps are bring printed. In the last year of the dog, 2006, the Canadian authorities printed eight million lunar new year stamps. This year, they printed just 62,000.
|Top: E. Han sculpture, Los Angeles County Museum of Art; Middle: Castiligone, Taipei National Palace Museum; Bottom: He, China Art Museum|
Dogs have been a part of Chinese life for thousands of years. You can see this in funerary sculptures from the Han dynasty. Some of the best known pre-modern paintings of dogs, however, were those of the Jesuit missionary Giuseppe Castiligone (1688-1766), who adopted the name Lang Shining 郎世宁. A much more recent work featuring a dog is the 1981 painting “Spring has awakened” by He Duoling 何多苓 (b.1948). He was then an art student in Sichuan and had been inspired by the 1948 painting “Christina’s World” by the American artist Andrew Wyeth.
To conserve food and to guard against disease, dogs were banned in Beijing under Mao and Deng. The ban was lifted in 1994 and registration fees have dropped (though a third to half of all dogs remain unregistered in the capital). With over 27 million dogs, China is now said to trail only the U.S. (55 million) and Brazil (36 million) in dog ownership. Of course, that is not many dogs for a population of 1.4 billion. Still, the pet industry has grown to $2.8 billion, a far cry from the $45 billion Americans spend on pets, but unlike the mature U.S. market, China’s has been growing by 20% a year. Mars, Nestle, and Proctor and Gamble dominate China’s pet food market. As is the case elsewhere, some owners pamper their dogs, contracting with DogWhere.com for pet holidays or buying high priced accessories from companies such as the U.S.’s Chrome Bones. Magazines and websites about dogs abound.
Pets get sick and injured, of course, and veterinary care is pricey. Since 2014, China’s biggest insurers have been offering pet health insurance plans. A dog’s owner might pay 450 to 3,500 yuan for 5,000-50,000 yuan in coverage.
|Top: Dog Fans, a popular magazine; Bottom: Shen Jianhua with a stray, from To the Quarry and Back.|
But not all of China’s dogs are so well-treated. In 2014, USC student Eddie Mattola and Communication University of China student Lu Ye combined to make the short documentary To the Quarry and Back. It tells the story of the commitment of Shen Jianhua and her daughter who by then had been working rescue stray dogs for ten years. You can watch it at our website and YouTube channel.
Unvaccinated animals remain a big problem in China. In 2007, the country had over 3,000 cases where humans contracted rabies and it was the third leading cause of death by infectious disease. Rabies isn’t included in the national immunization program, but since 2007, it immunization has been covered in the several southern provinces where the problem was most acute. In 2014, slightly fewer than 1,000 people were infected.
The overwhelming majority of Chinese haven’t and don’t plan to eat dog meat. But some do and the Yulin dog meat festival in Guangxi has attracted international attention. Some Chinese animal welfare activists have protested the festival and dog meat sales elsewhere.
China’s government has not banned the killing of dogs for meat, but one town in Zhejiang province has bet its future on dog lovers. China’s
|Pingyang "Pet Town" visitor center|
government has called for the creation of specialized towns. Pingyang County平阳县 is all in. Last May it announced the creation of “Pet Town” (宠物小镇). Factories there are turning out pet food and chew toys. Over $160 million has already been spent on infrastructure, a visitors center, a research facility, a pet hospital and more. The county is planning to invest a total of $840 million to create a center for pet industry innovation, production, and tourism. It has hosted a national dog show and anticipates that people caring for more and more pets generally and dogs especially will allow the town to grow and prosper.
We wish Pingyang, pet owners and their dogs everywhere the best. We hope your Year of the Dog is an excellent one. Please take a moment to look through these stamps and let us know which one you think is the best. You can send us your choice via email, Facebook, or Twitter. Please share these stamps with others and encourage them to subscribe.
Thank you for reading,
The USC U.S.-China Institute
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In honor of the Year of the Dog, we want to also remember Laika, the first space dog. A Moscow stray, Laika was sent into space in 1957. In the Soviet Union Laika was commemorated on cigarette packages, toys and much more. Here we note that several countries have issued stamps to remember Laika, the first animal to orbit the earth.
|Hungary, 1982 (25th anniversary)|
North Korea, 1987 (30th anniversary)
|United States, 2006 and 1994||China, 2006|
Hong Kong, 2006
Hong Kong, 1994
Hong Kong, 1970
And not a new year's stamp, but too cute to not include: Hong Kong, 2013: "My dog and I"
Taiwan, Republic of China
North Korea, 2006
North Korea, 1994
South Korea, 2006
Malaysia (working dogs)
Now lunar new year stamps from the rest of the world.
Australia, Christmas Island
Australia, Christmas Island, 2006
Australia, Christmas Island, 1994
Grenada, 2006 (painting by Song Huizong 宋徽宗, 1082-1135)
Isle of Man
Marshall Islands, 2006
Nevis, 2006 (painting by Ren Xun 任薰, 1835-1893)
Papua New Guinea
2017: Year of the Rooster
2016: Year of the Monkey
2015: Year of the Ram/Goat/Sheep
2014: Year of the Horse
2013: Year of the Snake
2012: Year of the Dragon
2011: Year of the Rabbit
2010: Year of the Tiger
2009: Year of the Ox
Akira Chiba, the Consul General of the Japanese consulate in Los Angeles, examined Japan's relations with China.
Michael Dunne, author of American Wheels: Chinese Roads, will focus on General Motors in China since 1989. The discussion will be followed by a short introduction to the Mark L. Moody collection at the USC East Asian Library.
Please join the USC U.S.-China Institute for a screening of an episode of the Assignment: China series on American media coverage of China. This episode focuses on the work of journalists covering the massive demonstrations that rocked Beijing in spring 1989. Followed by a Q&A with USCI's Mike Chinoy, who covered the demonstrations for CNN.