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Chi, Iris 齊銥

Social Work

Contact Information
Chinese-American Golden Age Association/Frances Wu Chair for the Chinese Elderly 
Suzanne Dworak-Peck School of Social Work
Office: MRF 329
Phone: (213) 821-1360

Professor Chi was installed as the Chinese-American Golden Age Association/Frances Wu Chair for the Chinese Elderly in 2004 and currently directs the China Program. She also has a joint appointment in the USC Davis School of Gerontology. Prior to joining the USC School of Social Work, she taught at the University of Hong Kong (HKU) for 17 years and she was the founding director of Sau Po Centre on Aging at HKU. An expert in health and gerontology, Dr. Chi has participated in more than 90 studies and published more than 250 articles and book chapters. She has been awarded as Fellow of the Ggerontological Society of America, American Academy of Social Welfare and Social Work, interRAI, the Phi Tau Phi Scholastic Honor Society of America, and IAGG (Asian & Oceania region). Dr. Chu is an honorary professor, fellow, consultant and advisor to more than 30 local and overseas universities and research institutes. She is also the associate editor and editorial board member for many health, gerontology and social work journals.


  • D.S.W., University of California, Los Angeles, 1985
  • M.S.W., California State University, San Diego, 1981
  • B.S.S., Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1978

Selected Publications:

  • Chong, A., & Chi, I. (eds.) (in press). Social sustainability and social work. Routlege. 
  • Liu, J., Guo, M. & Chi, I. (eds.) (in press). Special issue on Intergenerational relationships and well-being of East Asian older adults in migrant families. The Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work. Routledge: Taylor & Francis Group. 
  • Mui, A., Chi, I. & Lum, T. (eds.) (2017) Gerontological social work for the 21st century. Second edition. Shanghai: Truth and Wisdom Press. 
  • Chi, I. & Simon, M. (eds.) (2017). Advancing Asian community and health equity: Findings from the PINE study. Special issue. The Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences, 72(suppl_1). Washington, DC: The Gerontological Society of America. 
  • Xu, L., Liu, J., Guo, M., Mao, W. & Chi, I. (2017). Family relationships, friend network and worry: A comparison between Chinese older adults from immigrant, yo-yo and nonmigrant families. Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work. doi: 10.1080/15313204.2017.1344950 
  • Chi, I., Bai, Z., Shen, H. & Sui, Y. (2017). Evidence-based practice in social work. Social Work Review, 1, 50-60.
  • Lam, A., Kwan, J., Kwan, C.W. & Chi, I. (2017). Factors associated with the trend of physical and chemical restraint use amongst long-term care facility residents in Hong Kong: Data from an 11-year observational study. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association. 
  • Min, J., Li, Y., Xu, L. & Chi, I. (2017). Psychological vulnerability of widowhood: financial strain, social engagement, and worry about having no caregiver as mediators and moderators. Ageing and Society. Doi: 1017/S0144686X17000654 
  • Xu, L., Li, Y., Min, J. & Chi, I. (2017). Worry about not having a caregiver and depressive symptoms among widowed older adults in China: the role of family support. Journal of Aging and Mental Health, 21(8), 879-888. Doi:10.1080/13607863.2016.1181708 
  • Fu, F., Zhao, H., Tong, F. & Chi, I. (2017). A systematic review of psychosocial interventions to cancer caregivers. Frontiers in Psychology. Doi: (IF 2.463) 
  • Leung, DYP, Lo, SKL, Leung, AYM, Lou, VWQ, Chong, AML, Kwan, JSK, Chan, WCH, & Chi, I. (2017). Prevalence and correlates of abuse screening items among community-dwelling Hong Kong Chinese older adults. Geriatric and Gerontology International, 17, 150-160. doi: 10.1111/ggi.12655 
  • Lee, Y., Min, J. & Chi, I. (2017). Life transitions and leisure activity engagement in later life: findings from the Consumption, Activities, and Mail Survey (CAMS). Ageing and Society. Doi:10.1017/So144686X17000216 
  • Tang, F., Chi, I., & Dong, X. (2017). The relationship of social engagement and social support with sense of community among Chinese older adults in the US. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci (2017) 72 (suppl_1): S102-S107. doi: 10.1093/gerona/glw187 
  • Bai, X., Leung, D., Lai, C., Chong, A. & Chi, I. (2017). The mediating effect of participating in social activities on urinary incontinence and negative mood: Do gender and marital differences exist?” Geriatrics & Gerontology International. doi: 10.1111/ggi.12976 
  • Yuan, L., Liu, L., Leu, R. & Chi, I. (2017). Design a patient empowerment program for Chinese immigrants. Health and Social Work, 42 (2), 121-124. doi: 10.1093/hsw/hlx005 16. Chong, M. L. A., Kwan, C. W., Lou, V. W. Q., & Chi, I. (2017). Can domestic helpers moderate distress of offspring caregivers of cognitively impaired older adults? Aging and Mental Health, 27(10): 1023-1030. doi: 10.1080/13607863.2016.1191059
  • Liu, J., Guo, M., Xu, L., Mao, W. & Chi, I. (2017). Family relationship, social connection and psychological well-being among Chinese older immigrants and older adults in international migrant families. Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work, 26(3), 167-184. doi: 10.1080/15313204.2016.1206496 
  • Leung, D., Lo, S., Leung, A., Lou, V., Chong, A., Kwan, J., Chan, W. & Chi, I. (2017). Prevalence and correlates of abuse screening items among community-dwelling Hong Kong Chinese older adults. Geriatrics & Gerontology International, 17(1), 150-160. doi: 10.1111/ggi.12655 
  • Guo, M., Chi, I. & Silverstein, M. (2017). Intergenerational support and depression among Chinese older adults: Do gender and widowhood make a difference? Ageing & Society, 37(4), 695–724. doi: 10.1017/S0144686X15001403 
  • Zhou, J., Mao, W., Lee, Y., & Chi, I. (2017). The impact of caring for grandchildren on grandparents’ physical health outcomes: The role of intergenerational support. Research on Aging, 39(5), 612-634. doi: 10.1177/0164027515623332
  • Chi, I. (2017). Preface on the special issue of evidence-based social work. Social Construction, 4(4), 28- 29. 
  • Li, Y., Xu, L., Min, J., Chi, I. & Xie, B. (2016). Social participation and life satisfaction among widowed older adults in China. Journal of Gerontology and Geriatric Research, 5, 353. Doi: 10.4172/2167- 7182.1000353
  • Xu, L. & Chi, I. (2016). Determinants of support exchange between grandparents and grandchildren in rural China: The roles of grandparent caregiving, patrilineal heritage, and emotional bonds. Journal of Family Issues. 1-23. doi: 10.1177/0192513X16662102 
  • Li, H., Xu, L., & Chi, I. (2016). Perceived need for Home- and Community-Based Services: experiences of urban Chinese older adults with functional impairments. Journal of Aging and Social Policy, 1-15. doi:10.1080/08959420.2016.1220229 
  • Tang, F., Chi, I., Xu, L. & Dong, X. (2016). Health in the neighborhood and household contexts among older Chinese Americans. Journal of Aging and Health, 1-22. doi:10.1177/0898264316661829 
  • Xu, L., Li, Y., Min, J. & Chi, I. (2016). Worry about not having a caregiver and depressive symptoms among widowed older adults in China: The role of family support. Aging and Mental Health. 1-10. doi:10.1080/13607863.2016.1181708 
  • Zhou, J., Han, Y., Mao, W., Lee, Y. & Chi, I. (2016). The impact of caring for grandchildren on grandparents’ physical health outcomes. Chinese Rural Economy, (7):81-96. 
  • Tang, F., Xu, L., Chi, I. & Dong, X. (2016). Psychological well-being of grandparents caring for grandchildren among older Chinese Americans: Burden or blessing? Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 64(11), 2356-2361. doi: 10.1111/jgs.14455 
  • Guo, M., Liu, J., Xu, L., Mao, W. & Chi, I. (2016). Parent–child relationships among older Chinese immigrants: the influence of co-residence, frequent contact, intergenerational support and sense of children's deference. Ageing and Society, 36 (7), 1459-1482. doi: 10.1017/S0144686X15000446 
  • Dong, X., Chen, R., Wu, B., Zhang, N., Mui, A. & Chi, I. (2016). The association between elder mistreatment and suicidal ideation among community-dwelling Chinese older adults in the U.S. Gerontology, 62(1), 71-80. doi: 10.1159/000437420. 
  • Zhao, K., Bai, Z., Bo, A. & Chi, I. (2016). A systematic review and meta-analysis of music therapy for the older adults with depression mood. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 1188-1198. doi: 10.1002/gps.4494 
  • Liu, L., Tsai, K., Amezcua, L., Mathew, G., Lightstone, A., Shih, M., Chi, I. & Cousineau, M. (2016). Effects of foreign-born and length of U.S. residency on health measures among immigrants. J Family Med Community Health, 3(1): 1073. 
  • Leung, A. Y. M., Kwan, C. K., Leung, I. S. M. & Chi, I. (2016). Inadequate health literacy and more hospitalisation among frail older adults in Hong Kong. Asian Journal of Gerontology & Geriatrics,11,10– 13. 
  • Lee, Y. & Chi, I. (2016). Do cognitive leisure activities really matter in the relationship between education and cognition? Evidence from the Aging, Demographics, and Memory Study (ADAMS). Aging and Mental Health, 20, 252–261. doi:10.1080/13607863.2015.1011081 
  • Chi, I., Liu, L., Yuan, L. & Liu, Y. (2015). A training manual to facilitate Chinese immigrants seeking healthcare in the United States. USC School of Social Work & iHi Keck School of Medicine. 
  • Chi, I. Liu, L., Yuan, L. & Liu, Y. (2015). A handbook for Chinese immigrants seeking healthcare in the United States. USC School of Social Work & iHi Keck School of Medicine. 
  • Cheng, S.T., Chi, I., Fung, H.H., Li, L.W. & Woo, J. (eds.) (2015). Successful aging: Asian Perspective. Springer. 
  • Luo, H., Tang, J.Y.M, Wong, G.H.Y., Chen, C.C.H., Lum, T.Y.S., Chi, I., & Lou, V.W.Q. (2015). The effect of depressive symptoms and antidepressant use on subsequent physical decline and number of hospitalizations in nursing home residents: a nine-year longitudinal study. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 6(12),1048-1054. doi: 
  • Bai, Z., Liu, S., Zhao, K., Chi, I., Soydan, H. & Yang, K. (2015). The construction and application of the Chinese Clearinghouse for Evidence Translation (CCET) in Child & Aging Health. Journal of Transform Medicine, 4(3): 154-159. 
  • Luo, H., Lum, T. Y., Wong, G. H., Kwan, J. S., Tang, J. Y., & Chi, I. (2015). Predicting Adverse Health Outcomes in Nursing Homes: A 9-Year Longitudinal Study and Development of the FRAIL-Minimum Data Set (MDS) Quick Screening Tool. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 16(12), 1042-1047. 
  • Lu, N., Lou, V., Zuo, D. & Chi, I. (2015). Intergenerational relationships and self-rated health trajectories among older adults in rural China: Does gender matter? Research on Aging. doi: 10.1177/0164027515611183 
  • Huang, X., Bai, Z., Wu, S., Fan, G., Yang, K. & Chi, I. (2015). Systematic review on qualitative studies. Chinese Journal of Evidence Medicine, 15(9): 1106-1111. 
  • Leung DYP, Lo SKL, Leung AYM, Lou VWQ, Chong AML, Kwan JSK, Chan WCH, Chi I (2015). Prevalence and risk factors of potential elder abuse in Hong Kong. Irish Ageing Studies Review, 6(1), 299. 
  • Li, H., Xu, L. & Chi, I. (2015). Factors related to Chinese older adults’ suicidal thoughts and attempts. Aging and Mental Health, 20(7), 752-761. doi:10.1080/13607863.2015.1037242 
  • Guo, M., Chi, I. & Silverstein, M. (2015). Trajectories and determinants of eldercare in rural China during an 8-year period: Why having sons makes a difference. Research on Aging, 38(5), 531-553. doi: 10.1177/0164027515593346 
  • Liu, J., Chi, I., Chan, K.S., Lai, C. & Leung, A. (2015). The reliability and validity of the pain items of the Hong Kong version interRAI Community Health Assessment for community-dwelling elders in Hong Kong. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 24(15-16), 2352-2354. doi: 10.1111/jocn.12885. 
  • Um, M.Y., Chi, I., Kim, H.J., Palinkas, L.A., and Kim, J.Y. (2015). Correlates of depression among North Korean refugees adapting to South Korean society: The moderating role of prejudice in the host country. Social Science and Medicine, 131, 107-113. doi: /10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.02.039 
  • Li, C., Chi, I., & Chen, G. (2015). Urban and rural factors associated with life satisfaction among older Chinese adults. Aging and Mental Health. 19(10), 947-954. doi: 10.1080/13607863.2014.977767 
  • Hsiao, H. Y., Xu, L., & Chi, I. (2015). Knowledge, attitudes and clinical practices for patients with dementia among mental health providers in China: City and town differences. Gerontology and Geriatrics Education, 1-17.doi: 10.1080/02701960.2014.990152 
  • Mao, W., Wu, B. & Chi, I. (2015). Oral health among older Chinese immigrants and implications for social work practice. Health and Social Work, 40(3), e75-e82. doi: 10.1093/hsw/hlv035. 
  • Leung, D. Y. P., Leung, A. Y. M., Chi, I. (2015). Factors associated with chewing problems and oral dryness among older Chinese people in Hong Kong. Gerodontology, 106-115. doi: 10.1111/ger.12116 
  • Guan, Z., Chang, J., Fan, Y., Chi, I., & Haluk, S., Bai, Z. (2015). A brief introduction and application of clearinghouse. Chin J Evid-based Med, 15(2): 240-243 
  • Bai, Z., Chang, J., Chen, C., Li, P., Yang, K., Chi, I. (2015). Investigate the effect of Transcendental Meditation on blood pressure: Systematic review & meta-analysis. Journal of Human Hypertension, 29(11):653- 62. doi: 10.1038/jhh.2015.6. 
  • Leung, A., Cheung, M., & Chi, I. (2015). Supplementing Vitamin D through sunlight: Associating health literacy with sunlight exposure behaviour. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 60, 134-141. doi: 10.1016/j.archger.2014.10.005

Honors and Awards:

  • Distinguished Visiting Scholar, University of Hong Kong & City University of Hong Kong (2010-2011)
  • Outstanding paper, 18th Annual Congress of Gerontology, Hong Kong Association of Gerontology (2010)
  • Fellow, Gerontological Society of America (2010-present)
  • Gary Andrews Fellow, Australian Association of Gerontology (2010-present)