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Documents - Pre-1949 China

Council on Foreign Relations , "CFR Backgrounders: The Chinese Communist Party," August 27, 2015

August 27, 2015

The Council on Foreign Relations published the backgrounder, "The Chinese Communist Party", to explain the Party's origins and power structure, the current Congress, challenges in governance, and Chinese domestic and foreign policy. The piece was written by Beina Xu and Eleanor Albert.

Treaty of Peace between the Republic of China and Japan (Treaty of Taipei) 1952

April 28, 1952

Signed at Taipei, 28 April 1952
Entered into force, 5 August 1952, by the exchange of the instruments of ratification at Taipei

The Chinese People Have Stood Up! 1949

September 21, 1949

Opening address by Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Chinese Communist Party, at the First Plenary Session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.

Acheson, Statement on China, 1949

August 5, 1949

Secretary of State Dean Acheson's view of China in August 1949.

The Constitution of the Republic of China 1946

December 25, 1946

The 1946 Constitution of the Republic of China (Taiwan).

Order of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek Supplementing the Act of Surrender 1945

September 9, 1945

This is order No. 1 of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek to the Japanese forces in China, excluding Manchuria, Formosa, and French Indo-China north of 16 degrees of north latitude, which were surrendered under the act of 9 September 1945. This order supplements the acts of surrender to the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers and his General Order No. 1.

Cairo Conference Communiqué, November 26, 1943

November 26, 1943
November 26, 1943
 
Press Communiqué
 

Soong Mei-ling, “Addresses to the House of Respresentatives and to the Senate,” February 18, 1943.

February 18, 1943

宋美龄1943年2月18日在美国众议院的演说

Mr. Speaker and Members of the House of Representatives of the United States:

Japanese Government, “Twenty-One Demands,” April 26, 1915

April 26, 1915

This is an English translation from a Chinese translation of a revision of the demands originally submitted on January 18, 1915.

John Hay, "Update: U.S. Ambassadors," July 3, 1900

December 13, 1901

U.S. Secretary of State John Hay directed U.S. representatives abroad to convey American policy on China to their host governments.

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